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Mark's ESL Grammar Room 

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1.      Nouns are words that name people, places, things, and ideas.

2.      Verbs are words that show action or state of being.

3.      Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns and pronouns.

4.      Adverbs are words that describe or modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.

5.      Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns.

6.      Articles are words that indicate whether a noun is specific or general.

7.      Prepositions are words that show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.

8.      Conjunctions are words that connect words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence.

9.      Interjections are words or phrases that express strong emotions or feelings.

10.   The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about.

11.   The predicate of a sentence is the part that tells what the subject is doing or what is happening to the subject.

12.   A sentence must have a subject and a predicate to be a complete sentence.

13.   A simple sentence contains one subject and one predicate.

14.   A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.

15.   A complex sentence contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses joined by a subordinating conjunction.

16.   A run-on sentence is two or more sentences that are not properly joined or separated.

17.   A fragment is a group of words that is not a complete sentence.

18.   Agreement: A verb must agree with its subject in number (singular or plural).

19.   Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number and gender.

20.   Parallelism: Items in a list, series, or comparison must be parallel in structure and meaning.

21.   Modifiers must be placed next to the words they modify.

22.   Use commas to separate items in a list, adjectives, clauses, and phrases.

23.   Use apostrophes to show possession or contraction.

24.   Use quotation marks to show dialogue or to indicate the title of a book, play, or song.

25.   Use a colon to introduce a list, explanation, or example.

26.   Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses.

27.   Use a dash to indicate a sudden change in thought or to emphasize a point.

28.   Use proper capitalization for proper nouns, titles, and the beginning of sentences.

29.   Use proper punctuation for questions, exclamations, and statements.

30.   Use active voice instead of passive voice to make sentences more clear and direct.

31.   Avoid using double negatives.

32.   Use proper subject-verb agreement when using collective nouns.

33.   Use who to refer to people and that to refer to objects.

34.   Use which to introduce a non-restrictive clause and that to introduce a restrictive clause.

35.   Use fewer for countable nouns and less for non-countable nouns.

36.   Use a singular verb with a singular subject and a plural verb with a plural subject.

37.   Use i.e. to introduce a specific example or clarification and e.g. to introduce a general example.

38.   Use me, myself, and I correctly in sentences.

39.   Use the correct tense when writing or speaking about a past, present, or future action.

40.   Use hyphens to link compound words and to form some prefixes and suffixes.

41.   Use brackets to indicate added or modified text in a quotation.

42.   Use ellipses to indicate omitted text in a quotation.

43.   Use parentheses to indicate additional or explanatory information in a sentence.

44.   Use the correct word order in sentences, such as subject-verb-object.

45.   Use the

46.   Use apostrophes to form contractions and to indicate possession.

47.   Use proper capitalization for the first word of a sentence, proper nouns, and titles.

48.   Use semicolons to join two independent clauses that are closely related.

49.   Use commas to separate items in a series, adjectives, and clauses.

50.   Use quotation marks to indicate dialogue and to show the titles of short works.

51.   Use colons to introduce lists, explanations, and quotes.

52.   Use dashes to indicate a break or interruption in thought.

53.   Use parentheses to add extra information to a sentence.

54.   Use apostrophes to show possession.

55.   Use active voice to make sentences more concise and direct.

56.   Use correct subject-verb agreement when dealing with indefinite pronouns.

57.   Use the correct form of irregular verbs.

58.   Use the correct form of irregular plurals.

59.   Use correct subject-verb agreement when dealing with collective nouns.

60.   Use correct pronoun-antecedent agreement.

61.   Use correct adverb and adjective forms.

62.   Use the correct form of comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs.

63.   Use the correct form of regular verbs.

64.   Use the correct preposition to indicate time or location.

65.   Use proper word order when using indirect objects.

66.   Use conjunctions to join clauses and phrases.

67.   Use proper sentence structure to make sentences clear and concise.

68.   Use parallel structure when dealing with lists and comparisons.

69.   Use correct capitalization in titles and headings.

70.   Use correct punctuation in sentences and paragraphs.

71.   Use correct spelling in writing and communication.

72.   Use correct grammar when writing business correspondence.

73.   Use correct grammar when writing academic papers and essays.

74.   Use correct grammar when writing creative works.

75.   Use correct grammar when writing technical documents.

76.   Use correct grammar when writing legal documents.

77.   Use correct grammar when writing medical documents.

78.   Use correct grammar when writing scientific papers and reports.

79.   Use correct grammar when writing journalistic articles.

80.   Use correct grammar when writing speeches and presentations.

81.   Use correct grammar when writing personal statements and cover letters.

82.   Use correct grammar when writing resumes and job applications.

83.   Use correct grammar when communicating with others.

84.   Use correct grammar when teaching and tutoring others.

85.   Use correct grammar when proofreading and editing.

86.   Use correct grammar when translating between languages.

87.   Use correct grammar when using social media and texting.

88.   Use correct grammar when speaking in public.

89.   Use correct grammar when speaking with colleagues and peers.

90.   Use correct grammar when speaking with clients and customers.

91.   Use correct grammar when speaking with friends and family.

92.   Use correct grammar when conducting interviews and surveys.

93.   Use correct grammar when participating in debates and discussions.

94.   Use correct grammar when presenting research and findings.

95.   Use correct grammar when making announcements and statements.

96.   Use correct grammar when giving feedback and criticism.

97.   Use correct grammar when making requests and offers.

98.   Use correct grammar when negotiating and compromising.

99.   Use correct grammar when expressing emotions and opinions.

100.                   Use correct grammar when writing and speaking in all areas of life.









This site was last updated 04/21/23