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Table of Contents


Grammar Rules

Adjectives, Adverbs, Conjunctions

  • bored vs. boring
    A discussion of the differences between present and past participles (-ing and -ed forms) used as adjectives.

Relative Clauses

Nouns and Pronouns

  • Plurals of Nouns (PDF)
    This document explains the formation of plurals in English. Topics include the plurals of regular and irregular nouns, foreign nouns, proper nouns, compound nouns, numbers, letters, words used as examples, and symbols.


Verbs and Verb Tenses

  • Linking Verbs
    A discussion of linking verbs, predicate adjectives and predicate nouns.
  • Negative Raising
    An explanation of transferred (shifted) negation of verbs like think.
  • The Passive Voice
    Rules for the formation and use of the passive voice in English. Omission and inclusion of by. Active vs. passive.

  • The Passive Voice Same discussion of the passive voice as above but in PDF format.
  • There to be
    Use of there is, there are, there was, there were, there have been, there could have been, etc.
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Grammar Tables (HTML)

Grammar Tables (PDF)

Grammar Exercises

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Adjectives, Adverbs, Conjunctions

For scrambled sentences with adverbs of frequency, see Word Order below.

Relative Clauses (Adjective Clauses)

Exercises covering the main types of relative clauses.


This group of exercises practices the use of noun modifiers (noun adjuncts or noun + noun).


Exercises with verbs using at and to.
Expressions of location with in, on, and at.
Expressions of time with in, on, and at.
Expressions of time with since, for, and in.
Exercises with verbs using prepositions.



There are recorded exercises for the pronunciation of the simple past on the pronunciation page.

Fill-in-the-blank (gap-fill) exercises with used to

Conditional Exercises


Fill-in-the-blank (gap-fill) exercises with gerunds.
  • Gerund After Preposition 1
    Fifteen sentences with gerund after preposition (includes to as preposition and as infinitive marker).

  • Gerund After Preposition 2
    Fifteen more sentences with gerund after preposition (includes to as preposition and as infinitive marker).


Going to Future

Fill-in-the-blank (gap-fill) exercises with going to.
  • Going to 1
    Fifteen affirmative sentences with going to.

  • Going to 2
    Fifteen interrogative sentences with going to.

  • Going to 3
    Fifteen negative sentences with going to.


Simple Past

Fill-in-the-blank (gap-fill) exercises using the past tense of regular verbs.
The exercises in the following groups practice irregular past tense verb forms in two ways: as a multiple-choice exercise or a gap-fill exercise.
See also Grammar Games below for Flash Drag and Drop practice with irregular verbs in more advanced sentences.

Simple Past of Irregular Verbs: Multiple Choice

Simple Past of Irregular Verbs: Fill in the Blanks

The sentences in this group are the same as in the multiple-choice sentences.

Simple Past & Past Participle of Irregular Verbs: Fill in the Blanks in the Table

Fill in the missing parts of the irregular verbs in the table.
Fill in the blanks with the simple past of regular and irregular verbs in this selection from Bram Stoker's horror classic.
Fill in the blanks with the simple past of regular and irregular verbs in this selection from Mary Shelley's horror classic.

Past Progressive vs. Simple Past

  • The Hound of the Baskervilles
    Practice the past progressive and simple past by filling in the blanks in this excerpt from a famous Sherlock Holmes adventure.


Present Perfect vs. Simple Past

  • Dracula
    Fill in the blanks with the present perfect or simple past in this excerpt from Bram Stoker's horror classic.


Passive Voice

Fill in the blanks with the passive forms of the verbs in each sentence.
Choose the active or passive form of the verb in each sentence in these multiple-choice exercises.

Word Order

Put the words in the correct order in these scrambled (jumbled) sentences.
Scrambled sentences with adverbs of frequency.
Scrambled sentences with direct and indirect objects.
Scrambled wh-questions.
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Find the incorrect word in each sentence.
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Grammar Games

The games listed below as "Concentration (Flash) or Drag and Drop (Flash) require the Macromedia Flash Player. If you do not have it, you can download it by clicking on the icon below. The Flash version of Concentration is designed for two players, but one can play if you do not care about the score. Use your browser's Back button to return to this page.


Concentration (Flash)

Can you remember where the simple and past forms are and match them?
Match the verb and its past participle.

Drag and Drop (Flash)

Drag the irregular past tense form and drop it onto the blank in the appropriate sentence.
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Check Your English

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Use these 100-question tests to check your knowledge of English grammar.

Grammar Test

Preposition Test

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Grammar Links

  • - Irregular Verb List Viewer
    Free Irregular Verb List program that allows you to have a comprehensive list at your disposal. This program installs itself in the program menu and provides the most complete list of irregular verbs I have seen. It provides not only verb forms but definitions in English as well.
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Writing Links

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This page was last modified on 08/17/11







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